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New policy in the pipeline: Degrees won’t be enough you will need skill to get government job

New policy in the pipeline: Degrees won’t be enough you will need skill to get government job
The days of acting haughty if you have scored well in academic degree courses may soon be behind us. 

These gradings alone won’t be enough to land a government job, according to a policy now in the works.

To raise a strong and skilled workforce to realise Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ambitious ‘Make in India’ dream, the Union government is doing the spadework to amend its hiring policy by making skill certification mandatory for the job aspirants. 

“We have abundant unskilled manpower in the country. The mission of ‘Make in India’ cannot become a reality unless we have adequate skilled manpower. The government is in the process of making skill qualification mandatory in the coming years by implementing the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF),” Minister of State for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Rajiv Pratap Rudy told Mail Today. 

The skilled workforce in South Korea is 96 per cent, Japan 80 per cent, Germany 75 per cent and Britain 70 per cent. In comparison, India has a skilled workforce of only 2 per cent. 

Explaining the NSQF concept, Rudy said: “Millions of people in India acquire skills through non-formal channels. In the absence of any formal certification, these people are constrained to market their skills in the limited geographies and communities that know of them by the word of mouth. NSQF allows all such skills to be tested and certified.” 

Under NSQF’s implementation guidelines, the recruitment rules for the Central government and public sector units (PSUs) will be amended by December 2016 to define eligibility criteria for all positions.

“The state governments and their PSUs shall also be encouraged to amend their recruitment rules along these lines,” the guidelines mention. 

The government is also trying to bring all training and educational programme courses under the purview of skill qualification framework. The institutes will have to follow the guidelines while imparting skill development training and certificates, senior government officials said. 

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has also initiated steps for integrating vocational and formal education and, if the universities want, skill development could be added to the curriculum, the officials added. 

In the next two years, the Narendra Modi government plans to impart skill training to 5 crore people and hopes to take this number to 50 crore by 2022. 

According to an estimate, the plan will entail expenditure of Rs 24,000 crore and part of this amount will be raised through public-private partnership.

The government is currently in the process of revising the national skill development policy, which had been devised in 2009 by the erstwhile Congress-led UPA government. 

Officials said that the skill development target would be aligned to the demand coming from the flagship programmes launched in the recent past, including ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’, ‘National Solar Mission’ and ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’. 

Rudy said that based on the initiative of his ministry, a study on job requirement and skill gap has already been conducted. 

Noting that various steps were being taken to promote skill development and entrepreneurship, Rudy said the government was planning to set up 2,500 multi-skill institutes. These institutes, four each in every parliamentary constituency, are expected to cover around 500 districts across the country. 

Rudy also said that efforts would be made to establish these institutes through public-private partnerships. 

“The government has already identified 25 such places across the country to establish the multi-skill institutes,” the minister of state for skill development & entrepreneurship added. 

Officials said that consultative workshops and meetings have been conducted with several state governments and other stakeholders to familiarise them with the issues relating to the NSQF and the modalities of implementing NSQF at the state level. 

All the states have been requested to expedite the implementation of NSQF, they added. In another attempt in this direction, a Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Modi recently gave its approval for the ‘Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana ‘ with an outlay of Rs 1,500 crore. 

This scheme will cover 24 lakh persons. Of the total outlay, Rs 1,120 crore would be spent on skill training of 14 lakh youth. 

Besides, special emphasis has been given to the recognition of prior learning for which an amount of Rs 220 crore has been provided. Another Rs 67 crore have been earmarked for building awareness towards this concept and mobilisation efforts.

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